A daughter of Angola’s former president José Eduardo dos Santos, who died on Friday in Barcelona, has demanded that the hospital retain his physique for a postmortem after allegations of foul play.
Dos Santos, who dominated Africa’s second-biggest oil producer for almost 4 many years, died aged 79 on the Teknon clinic within the Spanish metropolis after a protracted sickness, the Angolan presidency stated.
The veteran politician was taken to hospital and into intensive care after struggling a cardiac arrest two weeks in the past.
Angola’s present head of state, João Lourenço, introduced 5 days of nationwide mourning beginning on Friday, when the nation’s flag will fly at half-staff and public occasions shall be cancelled.
Dos Santos, who was married 4 instances, is survived by his present spouse, Ana Paula, with whom he has three youngsters. He’s identified to have not less than three different youngsters and numerous grandchildren.
The best-profile is his eldest daughter Isabel dos Santos, lengthy described as Africa’s richest girl, who has been accused of corruption and nepotism. She has strongly denied each costs and says she is the sufferer of a political “witch-hunt”.
One other daughter, Welwitschia “Tchize” dos Santos, on Friday filed a authorized case in opposition to her father’s present spouse and his private doctor for tried homicide, police and her attorneys stated.
In an announcement, attorneys stated her grievance included allegations referring to “tried homicide, failure to train an obligation of care, harm ensuing from gross negligence and disclosure of secrets and techniques by folks near her father”.
The grievance accuses dos Santos’s spouse, Ana Paula, and his private doctor of inflicting the deterioration in his well being. The police stated they’d opened an inquiry.
Dos Santos was one of many final survivors of a technology of African leaders who got here to energy after bitter struggles for freedom from European colonial powers.
His prolonged rule was marked by a brutal civil conflict lasting almost three many years in opposition to the US-backed Unita rebels – which the previous president gained in 2002 – and a subsequent oil-fuelled increase that generated large funds for the ruling elite however barely benefited most Angolans .
Dos Santos’s document as a freedom fighter was marred by accusations of nepotism, human rights abuses and financial mismanagement.
“There is no such thing as a human exercise with out errors, and I settle for that I too made some,” he stated in a ultimate speech as president of his celebration, the Folks’s Motion for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA), in 2018.
Dos Santos stepped down 5 years in the past. His successor was Lourenço, a veteran of the ruling MPLA who was then the protection minister.
Inside months of taking energy, the hand-picked political inheritor shocked analysts by turning on his predecessor and launching a sequence of investigations of multibillion-dollar corruption, a few of which focused the previous chief’s youngsters.
However many who lived by the many years of preventing, which left half one million lifeless, credit score Dos Santos with bringing stability to a rustic that had identified solely conflict since changing into impartial from Portugal in 1975.
Dos Santos ceaselessly described himself as an unintended president, taking the reins after Angola’s first chief, Agostinho Neto, died throughout most cancers surgical procedure in 1979.
With Neto having served for simply 4 years and the 37-year-old dos Santos considered a comparatively weak outdoors candidate, few may have imagined he would go on to rule for simply shy of 4 many years.
Nonetheless, he proved an astute politician, expert at exposing rivals and forcing them into line.
“He humiliated folks,” stated Alves da Rocha, a senior economist who labored for a few years on the Ministry of Planning. “That is one of many causes help for him collapsed as soon as he left workplace.”
Though dos Santos would more and more be regarded by his critics as a dictator, it was his obvious willingness to compromise and stand by election leads to 1992 as a part of a UN-negotiated peace course of that may seal the recognition of his celebration.
Jonas Savimbi, the chief of the Nationwide Union for the Whole Independence of Angola (Unita) that fought on the opposite facet of the civil conflict, refused to just accept the results of that election and took the drained nation again to conflict.
When the Angolan military ultimately succeeded in killing Savimbi, Unita had misplaced a lot of its help.
With peace the allegations of corruption started to mount.
Between 2002 and 2014, as oil manufacturing grew in tandem with booming costs, the scale of Angola’s economic system multiplied by 10, from $12.4bn (£10.3bn) to $126bn. Whereas little of the cash trickled all the way down to the poor, these closest to dos Santos grew to become billionaires.
His eldest daughter Isabel grew to become, in line with Forbes, Africa’s richest girl and youngest billionaire value about $3bn. Forbes has since dropped Isabel from its listing of billionaires due to the asset freezes.
Isabel additionally grew to become chairman of the state oil firm Sonangol, whereas son José Filomeno headed a $5bn sovereign wealth fund.
Dos Santos, who stated in a uncommon 2013 interview that he want to be remembered “as a very good patriot”, by no means particularly responded to the allegations that he had allowed corruption to develop into rampant.
The principle opposition, Unita, disputed the MPLA’s end in 2017 polls and is ready to make features in upcoming elections in August.
About 10 million electors will vote for a member of a 220-seat parliament that may routinely choose the candidate of the successful celebration as president.