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New Study Reveals 3 Activities That Can Lower Your Risk of Dementia

Alzheimer's Losing Brain

The examine additionally discovered that frequent bodily train was linked to a 35% decrease threat of dementia.

Chores, bodily exercise, and social visits had been all linked to a diminished threat of dementia.

A brand new examine lately revealed in Neurologists, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology, means that bodily and psychological actions, equivalent to doing chores across the dwelling, exercising, and visiting household and pals, might assist cut back the chance of dementia. The analysis examined how these actions, along with psychological actions and using digital units, affected people with and with out elevated hereditary threat for dementia.

“Many research have recognized potential threat components for dementia, however we wished to know extra about all kinds of way of life habits and their potential position within the prevention of dementia,” stated examine writer Huan Tune, MD, Ph.D., of Sichuan College in Chengdu, China. “Our examine discovered that train, family chores, and social visits had been linked to a diminished threat of assorted forms of dementia.”

The examine concerned 501,376 folks from a UK database with out dementia. The contributors had a median age of 36.

At first of the trial, contributors accomplished questionnaires, one among which inquired about their bodily exercise. They had been requested about how typically they engaged in actions together with strolling, climbing stairs, and enjoying demanding sports activities. They had been additionally requested about their family chores, work-related actions, and mode of transportation, together with whether or not they traveled by bike or foot.

One other questionnaire on psychological exercise was accomplished by the contributors. They had been questioned on their degree of schooling, in the event that they participated in grownup schooling courses, how typically they visited pals and kin, went to bars, social golf equipment, or spiritual organizations, and the way steadily they used expertise equivalent to computer systems, TVs, and telephones .

Contributors additionally disclosed if that they had any members of their fast household who had been affected by dementia. This helped in figuring out if people had a genetic threat for[{” attribute=””>Alzheimer’s disease. Participants in the study were followed for an average of 11 years. At the conclusion of the study, 5,185 participants had dementia.

After adjusting for multiple factors such as age, income, and smoking, researchers found that most physical and mental activities studied showed links to the risk of dementia. Importantly, the findings remain after considering the high correlations and interactions of these activities. People who were highly engaged in activity patterns including frequent exercises, household chores, and daily visits of family and friends had a 35%, 21%, and 15% lower risk of dementia, respectively, compared to people who were the least engaged in these activity patterns.

Researchers also looked at dementia incidence rates by identifying activity patterns. The rate in people who exercised frequently was 0.45 cases for every 1,000 person-years compared to 1.59 for people who rarely exercised. Person-years take into account the number of people in a study as well as the amount of time spent in the study. Those who frequently did household chores had a rate of 0.86 cases for every 1,000 person-years compared to 1.02 for people who rarely did household chores. People who visited family daily had a rate of 0.62 cases for every 1,000 person-years compared to 0.8 cases for those who only visited friends and family once every few months.

“Our study has found that by engaging more frequently in healthy physical and mental activities people may reduce their risk of dementia,” Song said. “More research is needed to confirm our findings. However, our results are encouraging that making these simple lifestyle changes may be beneficial.”

The researchers found that all participants benefited from the protective effect of physical and mental activities, whether or not they had a family history of dementia.

A limitation of the study was that people reported their own physical and mental activity, so they may not have remembered and reported these activities correctly.

Reference: “Physical and Mental Activity, Disease Susceptibility, and Risk of Dementia” by Jianwei Zhu, Fenfen Ge, Yu Zeng, Yuanyuan Qu, Wenwen Chen, Huazhen Yang, Lei Yang, Fang Fang and Huan Song, 27 July 2022, Neurology.
DOI: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000200701

The study was funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, and the National Clinical Research Center for Geriatrics.

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